Common C# Operators
Type  Operator  Function  Example 
Arithmetic  +  Add  x = 1 + 2; 
–  Subtract  x = 1 – 2;  
*  Multiply  x = 1 * 2;  
/  Divide  x = 1 / 2;  
%  Modulus (returns the remainder after division)  x = 5 % 2; returns 1 (5 divided by 2 gives a remainder of 1) 

String Concatenation  +  String concatenation  string str = “Hello ” + “World”; 
Increment/decrement If prefixed, the variable will be modified then used (also known as preincrement or predecrement.) If postfixed, the variable will be used and then modified (also known as postincrement or postdecrement.) 
++  Increment  int x = 5; int y = x++; // value of y is 5 // value of x is 6 
—  Decrement  int x = 5; int z = –x; // value of z is 4 // value of x is 4 

Relational (comparative) Use these operators to construct true/false tests. 
==  Equal to  1 == 1 would return true (1 is equal to 1) 
!=  Not equal to  1 != 1 would return false 1 != 2 would return true (1 is not equal to 2) 

<  Less than  1 < 2 would return true (1 is less than to 2)  
>  Greater than  2 > 1 would return true (2 is greater than to 1)  
<=  Less than or equal to  1 <= 1 would return true (1 is equal to 1)  
>=  Greater than or equal to  1 >= 1 would return true (1 is equal to 1)  
Logical Use these operators in conditional blocks to test a condition statement. 
&&  Conditional and  true && true would return true (both of the expressions are true) 
  Conditional or  true  false would return true (one of the two expressions is true)  
true  Used only when a userdefined type overloads the logical operators. To gain shortcircuiting capabilities for the class, the user needs to overload both operator true and operator false.  Invoked only by the runtime.  
false  Used only when a userdefined type overloads the logical operators. To gain shortcircuiting capabilities for the class, the user needs to overload both operator true and operator false.  Invoked only by the runtime.  
Assignment These operators perform the operation between the left operand and the right operand and store the return value in the left operand. 
+=  Add and assign  int x = 5; x += 100; // value of x is 105; 
=  Subtract and assign  int x = 5; x = 100; // value of x is 95; 

*=  Multiply and assign  int x = 5; x *= 100; // value of x is 500; 

/=  Divide and assign  int x = 100; x /= 100; // value of x is 20; 

%=  Modulus and assign  int x = 5; x %= 100; // value of x is 0; 
Advertisements